Courtesy of Chalmers University of Technology and World Science staff
Physicists in Sweden say they have managed to create light from vacuum, the closest thing to empty space known to exist.
In findings published this week in the research journal Nature, the scientists said they verified an effect predicted over 40 years ago by capturing some of the particles of light, or photons, that constantly appear and disappear in the vacuum.
A diagram illustrating how virtual photons bounce off a “mirror” that vibrates at a speed approaching that of light. The round mirror in the picture is a symbol, and under that is the quantum electronic component (referred to as a SQUID), which acts as a mirror. This makes real photons appear in pairs, physicists say. (Credit: Philip Krantz, Chalmers U.)
A vacuum is a space devoid of atoms, the units that make up air, other gases and familiar objects. That means a vacuum is the next best thing to a space truly empty of anything at all—something physicists say can’t exist in nature as we know it, thanks to a phenomenon called the uncertainty principle. This holds that nothing can be in a state that is pinned down with perfect precision.
The uncertainty principle ensures that the vacuum teems with various subatomic particles that flit in and out of existence. They appear for an instant and disappear again, the energy fueling their existence “borrowed” from the void. Since their life is so fleeting, they are called virtual particles.
In the new work, Christopher Wilson and colleagues at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden said they coaxed photons into leaving their “virtual” state and becoming real photons—measurable light. The physicist Gerald Moore predicted in 1970 that this should happen if virtual photons bounce off a mirror moving at nearly the speed of light, in a phenomenon called the dynamical Casimir effect.
“Since it’s not possible to get a mirror to move fast enough, we’ve developed another method for achieving the same effect,” said Per Delsing, a physicist at Chalmers. “Instead of varying the physical distance to a mirror, we’ve varied the electrical distance to an electrical short circuit that acts as a mirror for microwaves.” The “mirror” consists of a device called a SQUID or superconducting quantum interference device, which is extremely sensitive to magnetic fields. By changing the direction of a magnetic field several billions of times a second the scientists said they made the “mirror” vibrate at one-fourth the speed of light.
“The result was that photons appeared in pairs from the vacuum, which we were able to measure in the form of microwave radiation,” said Delsing. “We were also able to establish that the radiation had precisely the same properties that quantum theory said it should have when photons appear in pairs in this way.” Quantum theory is the science of extremely small particles.
During the experiment, Delsing said, the “mirror” transferred some of its energy of motion to virtual photons so they could materialize. Göran Johansson, another physicist at Chalmers, said other particles might also be extracted from a vacuum in principle, but photons are easier. That’s because the equivalence of energy and mass, discovered by Einstein, implies that photons—being weightless—can be stimulated “out of their virtual state” with relatively little energy. Obtaining chunkier particles, such as electrons or protons, which make up atoms, “would require a lot more,” he added.
The scientists said the photons that appear in pairs in the experiment may be useful in the research field of quantum information, which includes the development of superfast “quantum” computers. But the main value of the work, they said, is that it aids our understanding of basic physical concepts, such as vacuum fluctuations. Some scientists believe these may have a connection with “dark energy” which drives the accelerating expansion of the universe, a discovery itself recognized this year with a Nobel Prize in physics.
I get lots of suggestions for stories, and I really appreciate them. But some of them are too good to be true. An example of this was a story of a giant human skeleton — maybe 40 feet tall — that was discovered by a Russian archaeological team. The story had photos and links accompanying it and looked promising. But when the links were researched they went in a circle. Each link used the other link as the source. Finally the elements of the photos turned up and we recognized a good Photoshop job had fooled everyone.
I had this same experience this week when I was sent an article where a Russian (again) scientist, Pjotr Garjajev, had managed to intercept communication from a DNA molecule in the form of ultraviolet photons — light! What’s more, he claimed to have captured this communication from one organism (a frog embryo) with a laser beam and then transmitted it to another organisms DNA (a salamander embryo), causing the latter embryo to develop into a frog!
But this was just the beginning.
Dr. Garjajev claims that this communication is not something that happens only inside the individual cells or between one cell and another. He claims organisms use this “light” to “talk” to other organisms and suggested that this could explain telepathy and ESP. It was like human beings already had their own wireless internet based on our DNA. Wow!
I tried to find a scientific journal that had this experiment. All I could find were blogs and other websites that carried the same story, word for word, without any references. That is until I stumbled on the work of Fritz-Albert Popp [right]. Then everything I had just read seemed very plausible.
Fritz-Albert Popp thought he had discovered a cure for cancer. I’m not convinced that he didn’t.
It was 1970, and Popp, a theoretical biophysicist at the University of Marburg in Germany, had been teaching radiology — the interaction of electromagnetic (EM) radiation on biological systems. Popp was too early to worry about things like cellphones and microwave towers which are now commonly linked with cancers and leukemia. His world was much smaller.
He’d been examining two almost identical molecules: benzo[a]pyrene, a polycyclic hydrocarbon known to be one of the most lethal carcinogens to humans, and its twin (save for a tiny alteration in its molecular makeup), benzo[e]pyrene. He had illuminated both molecules with ultraviolet (UV) light in an attempt to find exactly what made these two almost identical molecules so different.
Why Ultra-violet light?
Popp chose to work specifically with UV light because of the experiments of a Russian biologist named Alexander Gurwitsch who, while working with onions in 1923, discovered that roots could stimulate a neighboring plant’s roots if the two adjacent plants were in quartz glass pots but not if they were in silicon glass pots. The only difference being that the silicon filtered UV wavelengths of light while the quartz did not. Gurwitsch theorized that onion roots could communicate with each other by ultraviolet light.
[Above] All vibrations of energy are part of the electro-magnetic spectrum. These include electrical energy, heat, sound, light, radio waves and radioactive waves. UV light is merely a small portion of the spectrum of EM energy with a very short wavelength.
What Popp discovered was that benzo[a]pyrene (the cancer producing molecule) absorbed the UV light, then re-emitted it at a completely different frequency — it was a light “scrambler”. The benzo[e]pyrene (harmless to humans), allowed the UV light to pass through it unaltered.
Popp was puzzled by this difference, and continued to experiment with UV light and other compounds. He performed his test on 37 different chemicals, some cancer-causing, some not. After a while, he was able to predict which substances could cause cancer. In every instance, the compounds that were carcinogenic took the UV light, absorbed it and changed or scrambled the frequency.
There was another odd property of these compounds: each of the carcinogens reacted only to light at a specific frequency — 380 nm (nanometres) in the ultra-violet range. Popp kept wondering why a cancer-causing substance would be a light scrambler. He began reading the scientific literature specifically about human biological reactions, and came across information about a phenomenon called ‘photorepair’.
It is well known from biological laboratory experiments that if you blast a cell with UV light so that 99 per cent of the cell, including its DNA, is destroyed, you can almost entirely repair the damage in a single day just by illuminating the cell with the same wavelength at a much weaker intensity. To this day, scientists don’t understand this phenomenon, called photorepair, but no one has disputed it.
Popp also knew that patients with xeroderma pigmentosum [right] eventually die of skin cancer because their photorepair system can’t repair solar damage. He was also struck by the fact that photorepair works most efficiently at 380 nm — the same frequency that the cancer-causing compounds react to and scramble.
This was where Popp made his logical leap. If the carcinogens only react to this frequency, it must somehow be linked to photorepair. If so, this would mean that there must be some kind of light in the body responsible for photorepair. A compound must cause cancer because it permanently blocks this light and scrambles it, so photorepair can’t work anymore. It seemed logical, but was it true?
Light inside the body
Popp was freaked out by this. He wrote about it in a paper and a prestigious medical journal agreed to publish it.
Not long after that, Popp was approached by a student named Bernhard Ruth, who asked Popp to supervise his work for his doctoral dissertation. Popp told Ruth he was prepared to do so if the student could show that light was emanating from the human body.
This meeting was fortuitous for Popp because Ruth happened to be an excellent experimental physicist. Ruth thought the idea was ridiculous, and immediately set to work building equipment to prove Popp’s hypothesis wrong.
Within two years, Ruth had constructed a machine resembling a big X-ray detector which used a photomultiplier to count light, photon by photon. Even today, it is still one of the best pieces of equipment in the field. The machine had to be highly sensitive because it had to measure what Popp assumed would be extremely weak emissions.
In an old documentary film taken in the laboratory at the International Institute of Biophysics, Dr. Popp opens a chamber about the size of a bread box. He places a fresh cutting from a plant and a wooden match in a plastic container inside the dark chamber and closed the light proof door. Immediately he switches on the photomultiplyer and the image shows up on a computer screen. The match stick is black while the green, glowing silhouette of the leaves is clearly visible.
Dr. Popp exclaims, “We now know, today, that man is essentially a being of light.”
In 1976, they were ready for their first test with cucumber seedlings. The photomultiplier showed that photons, or light waves, of a surprisingly high intensity were being emitted from the seedlings. In case the light had to do with an effect of photosynthesis, they decided that their next test — with potatoes — would be to grow the seedling plants in the dark. This time, when the seedlings were placed in the photomultiplier, they registered an even higher intensity of light. What’s more, the photons in the living systems they’d examined were more coherent than anything they’d ever seen.
Popp began thinking about light in nature. Light was present in plants and was used during photosynthesis. When we eat plant foods, he thought, it must be that we take up the photons and store them.
When we consume broccoli, for example, and digest it, it is metabolised into carbon dioxide (CO2) and water, plus the light stored from the sun and photosynthesis. We extract the CO2 and eliminate the water, but the light, an EM wave, must be stored. When taken in by the body, the energy of these photons dissipates and becomes distributed over the entire spectrum of EM frequencies, from the lowest to the highest.
This energy is the driving force for all the molecules in our body. Before any chemical reaction can occur, at least one electron must be activated by a photon with a certain wavelength and enough energy.
The biochemist and Nobel Prize winner Lehninger mentions in his textbook that some reactions in the living cell happen quite a lot faster than what corresponds to 37C temperature. The explanation seems to be that the body purposely directs chemical reactions by means of electromagnetic vibrations (biophotons).
Photons (Light) control everything in the cell
Photons switch on the body’s processes like an orchestra conductor bringing each individual instrument into the collective sound. At different frequencies, they perform different functions. Popp found that molecules in the cells responded to certain frequencies, and that a range of vibrations from the photons caused a variety of frequencies in other molecules of the body.
This theory has been supported by Dr. Veljko Veljkovic who now heads the Center for Multidisciplinary Research and Engineering, Institute of Nuclear Sciences Vinca. She dared to ask the question that has forever puzzled cellular biologists: What is it that enabled the tens of thousands of different kinds of molecules in the organism to recognize their specific targets? Living processes depend on selective interactions between particular molecules, and that is true for basic metabolism to the subtlest nuances of emotion. It’s like trying to find a friend in a very big very crowded ballroom in the dark.
The conventional picture of a cell even now is that of a bag of molecules dissolved in water. And through bumping into one another by chance — random collisions — those molecules that have complementary shapes lock onto to each other so the appropriate biochemical reactions can take place. This ‘lock and key’ model has been refined to a more flexible (and realistic) ‘induced fit’ hypothesis that allows each molecule to change shape slightly to fit the other better after they get in touch, but the main idea remains the same.
It is supposed to explain how enzymes can recognize their respective substrates, how antibodies in the immune system can grab onto specific foreign invaders and disarm them. By extension, that’s how proteins can ‘dock’ with different partner proteins, or latch onto specific nucleic acids to control gene expression, or assemble into ribosomes for translating proteins, or other multi-molecular complexes that modify the genetic messages in various ways. But with thousands — or even hundreds of thousands of reactions happening each second in just one cell this seems pushing the “mechanical” concept a bit too far.
What has been proposed is that somehow each molecule sends out a unique electromagnetic field that can “sense” the field of the complimentary molecule. It’s as if there is a “dance” in the cellular medium and the molecules move to the rythm. The music is supplied by the biophoton.
“Veljkovic and Cosic proposed that molecular interactions are electrical in nature, and they take place over distances that are large compared with the size of molecules. Cosic later introduced the idea of dynamic electromagnetic field interactions, that molecules recognize their particular targets and vice versa by electromagnetic resonance. In other words, the molecules send out specific frequencies of electromagnetic waves which not only enable them to ‘see’ and ‘hear’ each other, as both photon and phonon modes exist for electromagnetic waves, but also to influence each other at a distance and become ineluctably drawn to each other if vibrating out of phase (in a complementary way).” — The Real Bioinformatics Revolution: Proteins and Nucleic Acids Singing to One Another? (Paper available at firstname.lastname@example.org)
“There are about 100,000 chemical reactions happening in every cell each second. The chemical reaction can only happen if the molecule which is reacting is excited by a photon… Once the photon has excited a reaction it returns to the field and is available for more reactions… We are swimming in an ocean of light.”
These ‘biophoton emission’, as Popp called them, provided an ideal communication system for the transfer of information to many cells across the organism. But the single most important question remained: where was the light coming from?
A particularly gifted student talked him into another experiment. It is known that when ethidium bromide is applied to samples of DNA, it insinuates itself in between the base pairs of the double helix, causing DNA to unwind. The student suggested that, after applying the chemical, they measure the light coming from the sample. Popp found that the greater the concentration of ethidium, the more the DNA unravelled, but also the stronger the intensity of light. Conversely, the less he used, the less light was emitted.
He also found that DNA could send out a wide range of frequencies, some of which seemed to be linked to certain functions. If DNA stored this light, it would naturally emit more light on being unzipped.
These and other studies proved to Popp that one of the most essential sources of light and biophoton emissions was DNA. DNA was like the master tuning fork of the body. It would strike a particular frequency and certain molecules would follow. It was also possible, he realised, that he had stumbled upon the missing link in current DNA theory that could account for perhaps the greatest miracle of all in human biology — how a single cell can turn into a fully formed human being.
How cells “talk” to eachother
When you get a cut or scratch on your skin, the cells that are injured somehow signal the surrounding healthy cells to begin reproducing copies of themselves to fill in and mend the opening. When the skin is back to normal, a signal is sent to the cells to tell them to stop reproducing. Scientists have wondered exactly how this works.
With biophoton emissions, Popp believed he had an answer to this question. This phenomenon of coordination and communication could only occur in a holistic system with one central orchestrator. Popp showed in his experiments that these weak light emissions were sufficient to orchestrate the body’s repairs. The emissions had to be low intensity because these communications took place on a very small, intracellular, quantum level. Higher intensities would have an effect only in the world of the large and would create too much “noise” to be effective.
The number of photons emitted seemed to be linked to the organism’s position on the evolutionary scale — the more complex the organism, the fewer photons were emitted. Rudimentary animals and plants tended to emit 100 photons/cm2/sec at a wavelength of 200-800 nm, corresponding to a very-high-frequency EM wave well within the visible range, whereas humans emit only 10 photons/cm2/sec at the same frequency.
In one series of studies, Popp had one of his assistants — a 27-year-old healthy young woman — sit in the room every day for nine months while he took photon readings of a small area of her hand and forehead. Popp then analysed the data and discovered, to his surprise, that the light emissions followed certain set patterns — biological rhythms at 7, 14, 32, 80 and 270 days — and similarities were also noted by day or night, by week and by month, as though the body were following the world’s biorhythms as well as its own.
Cancer is a loss of coherent light
So far, Popp had studied only healthy individuals and found an exquisite coherence at the quantum level. But what kind of light is present in those who are ill?
Popp tried out his machine on a series of cancer patients. In every instance, these patients had lost those natural periodic rhythms as well as their coherence. The lines of internal communication were scrambled. They had lost their connection with the world. In effect, their light was going out.
Just the opposite is seen with multiple sclerosis: MS is a state of too much order. Patients with this disease are taking in too much light, thereby inhibiting their cells’ ability to do their job. Too much cooperative harmony prevented flexibility and individuality — like too many soldiers marching in step as they cross a bridge, causing it to collapse. Perfect coherence is an optimal state between chaos and order. With too much cooperation, it is as though individual members of the orchestra are no longer able to improvise. In effect, MS patients are drowning in light.
Popp also examined the effects of stress. In a stressed state, the rate of biophoton emissions goes up — a defence mechanism designed to restore the patient’s equilibrium.
Popp now recognized that what he’d been experimenting with was even more than a cure for cancer or Gestaltbildung. Here was a model which provided a better explanation than the current neo-Darwinist theory for how all living things evolve on the planet. Rather than a system of fortunate but ultimately random error, if DNA uses frequencies of every variety as an information tool, this suggests instead a feedback system of perfect communication through waves that encode and transfer information.
“Good vibes” means coherent light
Popp came to realize that light in the body might even hold the key to health and illness. In one experiment, he compared the light from free-range hens’ eggs with that from penned-in, caged hens. The photons in the former were far more coherent than those in the latter.
Popp went on to use biophoton emissions as a tool for measuring the quality of food. The healthiest food had the lowest and most coherent intensity of light. Any disturbance in the system increased the production of photons. Health was a state of perfect subatomic communication, and ill health was a state of communication breakdown. We are ill when our waves are out of synch.
Bio Photon emission detection is currently used commercially in the food industry. Agricultural science is looking at Bio-photon emissions to determine plant health for the purposes of food quality control. Biophotonen is a company working for development and practical applications of biophotonics. The work is based on a variety of patents. “Biophotonen” solves practical problems of food industry, environmental industry, cosmetics, etc.
Off-shoots of Dr. Popp’s discoveryIn the 1970s Dr. Veljko Veljkovic, who now heads the Center for Multidisciplinary Research and Engineering, Institute of Nuclear Sciences Vinca, also discovered a method for predicting which of the hundreds of new chemicals made by the rapidly expanding chemical industry were carcinogenic, by calculating certain electronic, biophotonic properties of the molecules. This method was soon found equally applicable to predicting organic chemicals that were mutagenic, or toxic, and even those that were antibiotic, or cytostatic (anticancer). Veljkovic’s institute in Belgrade has since teamed up with other European laboratories to apply the same method to drug discovery, especially against AIDS disease.
Biophoton therapy is the application of light to particular areas of the skin for healing purposes. The light, or photons, that are emitted by these units are absorbed by the skin’s photoreceptors and then travel through the body’s nervous system to the brain, where they help regulate what is referred to as our human bio-energy. By stimulating certain areas of the body with specific quantities of light, biophoton therapy can help reduce pain as well as aid in various healing processes throughout the body.
The theory behind biophoton therapy is based on the work of Dr. Franz Morell and has been expanded by the work of Doctors L.C. Vincent and F.A. Popp, who theorized that light can affect the electromagnetic oscillation, or waves of the body and regulate enzyme activity.
It took some 25 years for Popp to gather converts from among the scientific community. Slowly, a few select scientists around the globe began to consider that the body’s communication system might be a complex network of resonance and frequency. Eventually, they would form the International Institute of Biophysics, composed of 15 groups of scientists from international centres around the world.
Popp and his new colleagues went on to study the light emissions from several organisms of the same species, first in an experiment with a type of water flea of the genus Daphnia. What they found was nothing short of astonishing. Tests with a photomultiplier showed that the water fleas were sucking up the light emitted from each other. Popp tried the same experiment on small fish and got the same result. According to his photomultiplier, sunflowers were like biological vacuum cleaners, moving in the direction of the most solar photons to hoover them up. Even bacteria swallowed photons from the media they were put in.
Communication between organisms
Thus, it dawned on Popp that these emissions had a purpose outside of the body. Wave resonance wasn’t only being used to communicate inside the body, but between living things as well. Two healthy beings engaged in ‘photon sucking’, as he called it, by exchanging photons. Popp realised that this exchange might unlock the secret of some of the animal kingdom’s most persistent conundrums: how schools of fish or flocks of birds create perfect and instantaneous coordination. Many experiments on the homing ability of animals demonstrate that it has nothing to do with following habitual trails, scents or even the EM fields of the earth, but rather some form of silent communication that acts like an invisible rubber band, even when the animals are separated by miles of distance.
For humans, there was another possibility. If we could take in the photons of other living things, we might also be able to use the information from them to correct our own light if it went awry.
Death Transmission via the Paranormal “Light” ChannelSome extremely interesting experiments were performed by V.P. Kaznacheyev et al regarding the paranormal transmission of death by light inter-organism communication.
Briefly, two groups of cells were selected from the same cell culture and one sample placed on each side of a window joining two environmentally shielded rooms. The cell cultures were in quartz containers. One cell culture was used as the initiation sample and was subjected to a deadly mechanism – virus, germ, chemical poison, irradiation, ultraviolet rays, etc. The second cell culture was observed, to ascertain any transmitted effects from the culture sample being killed.
When the window was made of ordinary glass, the second sample remained alive and healthy. When the window was made of quartz, the second sample sickened and died with the same symptoms as the primary sample.
The experiments were done in darkness, and over 5,000 were reported by Kaznacheyev and his colleagues. The onset of induced complementary sickness and death in the second culture followed a reasonable time — say two to four hours — behind sickness and death in the primary culture.
The major transmission difference between window glass and quartz is that quartz transmits both ultraviolet and infrared well, while glass is relatively opaque to ultraviolet and infrared. Both quartz and glass transmit visible light. Thus glass is a suppressor of the paranormal channel, while quartz is not.
In 1950, Western researchers found that cells could be killed in darkness with ultraviolet radiation, kept shielded from visible light for twenty-four hours or longer, and then if radiated with visible light the cells would start reviving by hundreds of thousands even though they had been clinically dead.
Specifically, every cell emits mitogenetic radiation in the ultraviolet range twice: when it is born and when it dies. The UV photon emitted at death contains the exact virtual state pattern of the condition of the cell at death. The healthy cells are bombarded with death messages from those that are dying, and this diffuses the death pattern throughout the healthy culture, eventually kindling into the same death pattern there.
[V.P. Kaznacheyev et al, "Distant Intercellular Interactions in a System of Two Tissue Cultures," Psychoenergetic Systems, Vol. 1, No. 3, March 1976, pp 141-142.]
Popp had begun experimenting with such an idea. If cancer-causing chemicals could alter the body’s biophoton emissions, then it might be that other substances could reintroduce better communication. Popp wondered whether certain plant extracts could change the character of the biophoton emissions from cancer cells to make them communicate again with the rest of the body. He began experimenting with a number of non-toxic substances purported to be successful in treating cancer. In all but one instance, these substances only increased the photons from tumour cells, making them even more deadly to the body.
The single success story was mistletoe, which appeared to help the body to ‘resocialise’ the photon emissions of tumour cells back to normal. In one of numerous cases, Popp came across a woman in her thirties who had breast and vaginal cancer. Popp found a mistletoe remedy that created coherence in her cancer tissue samples. With the agreement of her doctor, the woman stopped any treatment other than the mistletoe extract and, after a year, all her laboratory tests were virtually back to normal.
To Popp, homoeopathy was another example of photon sucking. He had begun to think of it as a ‘resonance absorber’. Homoeopathy rests upon the notion that like is treated with like. A plant extract that at full strength can cause hives in the body is used in an extremely diluted form to get rid of it. If a rogue frequency in the body can produce certain symptoms, it follows that a high dilution of a substance which can produce the same symptoms would also carry that frequency. Like a resonating tuning fork, a suitable homoeopathic solution might attract and then absorb the abnormal oscillations, allowing the body to return to normal health.
Popp thought that electro-magnetic molecular signalling might even explain acupuncture. According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, the human body has a system of meridians, running deep in the tissues, through which flows an invisible energy the Chinese call ch’i, or the life force. The ch’i supposedly enters the body through these acupuncture points and flows to deeper organ structures (which do not correspond to those in Western biology), providing energy (or the life force). Illness occurs when this energy is blocked at any point along the pathways. According to Popp, the meridian system transmits specific energy waves to specific zones of the body.
Research has shown that many of the acupuncture points have a dramatically reduced electrical resistance compared with the surrounding skin (10 kilo-ohms and 3 mega-ohms, respectively). Orthopaedic surgeon Dr Robert Becker, who has done a great deal of research on EM fields in the body, designed a special electrode recording device that rolls along the body like a pizza cutter. His many studies have shown electrical charges on every one of the people tested corresponding to the Chinese meridian points.
[Extracted from The Field: The Quest for the Secret Force of the Universe, by Lynne McTaggart]
Light in human consciousness
I mention this latest work for those who may wish to explore the boundaries of photon research and theory. In a ground-breaking paper with the lengthy title of “Orchestrated Objective Reduction of Quantum Coherence in Brain Microtubules: The ‘Orch OR’ Model for Consciousness” by Stuart Hameroff and Roger Penrose, the brain is described as a quantum computer whose main architecture are the cytoskeletal microtubules and other structures within each of the brain’s neurons.
If you examine a neuron, you will see that there are many hollow tubes surrounding the axon. These microtubules have been thought of as a kind of scaffold to support the nerve fiber. But they are now getting a second look as the possible architecture of our consciousness.
The particular characteristics of microtubules that make them suitable for quantum effects include their crystal-like lattice structure, hollow inner core, organization of cell function and capacity for information processing. According to the researchers, their size appears perfectly designed to transmit photons in the UV range.
[Above:] Schematic of central region of neuron (distal axon and dendrites not shown), showing parallel arrayed microtubules interconnected by MAPs. Microtubules in axons are lengthy and continuous, whereas in dendrites they are interrupted and of mixed polarity. Linking proteins connect microtubules to membrane proteins including receptors on dendritic spines.
“Traditionally viewed as the cell’s ‘bone-like’ scaffolding, microtubules and other cytoskeletal structures now appear to fill communicative and information processing roles. Theoretical models suggest how conformational states of tubulins within microtubule lattices can interact with neighboring tubulins to represent, propagate and process information as in molecular-level ‘cellular automata’ computing systems.” — Hameroff and Watt, 1982; Rasmussen et al, 1990; Hameroff et al, 1992
In their paper, Hameroff and Penrose present a model linking microtubules to consciousness using quantum theory. In their model, quantum coherence emerges, and is isolated in brain microtubules until a threshold related to quantum gravity is reached. The resultant self-collapse creates an instantaneous “now” event. Sequences of such events create a flow of time, and consciousness.
Don’t worry if you can’t understand this. It’s heavy reading but it does show that the existence of internal photons — inner light — is very real and is the basis of virtually all human cellular and systemic function.
Could the Russian scientists really have changed a salamander embryo into a frog with lasers? I prefer to wait until the actual details of the experiment are published and reviewed — but I am much less apt to dismiss this as fiction now that I know about our inner lights.
The term “bio” in biophotons was introduced to point out the classification of photons being emitted from a biological source. This phenomenon was characterized by measuring single photons. This indicated that the biophoton is subject to quantum optics rather than classical physics. Biophotons are photons emitted spontaneously by all living systems. Biophotons are characterized by delayed luminescence and are associated with biological systems hence the name biophotons as distinct from photons which are normally associated with inanimate physical systems.
The biophoton phenomenon is not confined to “thermal” radiation in the infrared range. It is well known that biophotons are emitted also in the range from visible up to the UV ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum. The intensity of biophotons can be registered from a few photons per second in a square centimeter surface area to several hundred photons per second in a square centimeter from every living system.
“The high degree of coherence of biophotons elucidates the universal phenomenon of biological systems — coherence of biophotons is responsible for the information transfer within and between cells. This answers the crucial question of intra and extracellular biocommunication, including the regulation of metabolic activities of cells, growth, differentiation and evolutionary development.”
— F.A. Popp, 1999
Biological systems are governed by the interactions of energy fields that are electromagnetic by nature. These energy fields are emitted by the biophotons derived from the biological matter. The energy fields dirigate the location and activity of matter, while matter provides the boundary for the energy fields. Thus, we define the correlations between energy and matter.
“An ordinary cell has a diameter of approximately 10 -3 cm. Inside the cell there is a rather high metabolic activity of about 10 5 reactions per second. For every reaction the suitable activation energy (in the range from microwaves to the ultraviolet) is necessary to establish the formation of the transitional state complex that finally decays into chemical products. Biochemical reactions take place in a way that a photon is borrowed from the surrounding electromagnetic bath, then, it excites the transition state complex and finally returns to the equilibrium states of the surroundings, becoming available for the next reaction. The single photon may suffice to trigger about 10 9 reactions per second. The reaction is directed in a way that it delivers the right activation energy as well as the right momentum at the right time to the right place. Thus, a surprisingly low photon intensity may suffice to trigger all of the chemical reactions in a cell. Despite the low intensities, at any given instant at least 10 10 to 10 40 more photons are available than under thermal equilibrium conditions.
A temperature increase of 10° doubles the photon density of a thermal field under physiological conditions resulting in a doubling of the reaction rate.”
— F.A. Popp, 1999
Biophotons also have a characteristic frequency that defines their resonance patterns and energy distribution. The study of these frequencies and resonance patterns is vital in the understanding the omni farious electromagnetic spectrum and how its energies can be harnessed and effectively utilized therapeutically, in biological systems.
When the human host is hormonally balanced it can access this area of the brain… August 2011 by Sujata Gupta
The part of the brain we use to predict the immediate future has been identified.
Jeffrey Zacks, a cognitive neuroscientist at Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri, carried out fMRI brain scans on volunteers watching film clips of everyday scenes, such as a person washing dishes. The participants showed increased activity in the midbrain dopamine system (MDS) just before and after a scene changed, indicating this brain area is involved in both anticipating and responding to events.
Dopamine-producing cells in part of the MDS are impaired in Parkinson’s disease, suggesting the disease impairs people’s ability to recognise transitions in everyday situations. The study could one day lead to an early diagnostic tool for Parkinson’s and other cognitive diseases, says Zacks.
ScienceDaily (May 2, 2011) — A data memory can hardly be any smaller: researchers working with Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching have stored quantum information in a single atom. The researchers wrote the quantum state of single photons, i.e. particles of light, into a rubidium atom and read it out again after a certain storage time. This technique can be used in principle to design powerful quantum computers and to network them with each other across large distances.
Quantum computers will one day be able to cope with computational tasks in no time where current computers would take years. They will take their enormous computing power from their ability to simultaneously process the diverse pieces of information which are stored in the quantum state of microscopic physical systems, such as single atoms and photons.
In order to be able to operate, the quantum computers must exchange these pieces of information between their individual components. Photons are particularly suitable for this, as no matter needs to be transported with them. Particles of matter however will be used for the information storage and processing. Researchers are therefore looking for methods whereby quantum information can be exchanged between photons and matter. Although this has already been done with ensembles of many thousands of atoms, physicists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching have now proved that quantum information can also be exchanged between single atoms and photons in a controlled way.
Using a single atom as a storage unit has several advantages — the extreme miniaturization being only one, says Holger Specht from the Garching-based Max Planck Institute, who was involved in the experiment. The stored information can be processed by direct manipulation on the atom, which is important for the execution of logical operations in a quantum computer. “In addition, it offers the chance to check whether the quantum information stored in the photon has been successfully written into the atom without destroying the quantum state,” says Specht. It is thus possible to ascertain at an early stage that a computing process must be repeated because of a storage error.
The fact that no one had succeeded until very recently in exchanging quantum information between photons and single atoms was because the interaction between the particles of light and the atoms is very weak. Atom and photon do not take much notice of each other, as it were, like two party guests who hardly talk to each other, and can therefore exchange only a little information. The researchers in Garching have enhanced the interaction with a trick. They placed a rubidium atom between the mirrors of an optical resonator, and then used very weak laser pulses to introduce single photons into the resonator. The mirrors of the resonator reflected the photons to and fro several times, which strongly enhanced the interaction between photons and atom. Figuratively speaking, the party guests thus meet more often and the chance that they talk to each other increases.
The photons carried the quantum information in the form of their polarization. This can be left-handed (the direction of rotation of the electric field is anti-clockwise) or right-handed (clock-wise). The quantum state of the photon can contain both polarizations simultaneously as a so-called superposition state. In the interaction with the photon the rubidium atom is usually excited and then loses the excitation again by means of the probabilistic emission of a further photon. The Garching-based researchers did not want this to happen. On the contrary, the absorption of the photon was to bring the rubidium atom into a definite, stable quantum state. The researchers achieved this with the aid of a further laser beam, the so-called control laser, which they directed onto the rubidium atom at the same time as it interacted with the photon.
The spin orientation of the atom contributes decisively to the stable quantum state generated by control laser and photon. Spin gives the atom a magnetic moment. The stable quantum state, which the researchers use for the storage, is thus determined by the orientation of the magnetic moment. The state is characterized by the fact that it reflects the photon’s polarization state: the direction of the magnetic moment corresponds to the rotational direction of the photon’s polarization, a mixture of both rotational directions being stored by a corresponding mixture of the magnetic moments.
This state is read out by the reverse process: irradiating the rubidium atom with the control laser again causes it to re-emit the photon which was originally incident. In the vast majority of cases, the quantum information in the read-out photon agrees with the information originally stored, as the physicists in Garching discovered. The quantity that describes this relationship, the so-called fidelity, was more than 90 percent. This is significantly higher than the 67 percent fidelity that can be achieved with classical methods, i.e. those not based on quantum effects. The method developed in Garching is therefore a real quantum memory.
The physicists measured the storage time, i.e. the time the quantum information in the rubidium can be retained, as around 180 microseconds. “This is comparable with the storage times of all previous quantum memories based on ensembles of atoms,” says Stephan Ritter, another researcher involved in the experiment. Nevertheless, a significantly longer storage time is necessary for the method to be used in a quantum computer or a quantum network. There is also a further quality characteristic of the single-atom quantum memory from Garching which could be improved: the so-called efficiency. It is a measure of how many of the irradiated photons are stored and then read out again. This was just under 10 percent.
The storage time is mainly limited by magnetic field fluctuations from the laboratory surroundings, says Ritter. “It can therefore be increased by storing the quantum information in quantum states of the atoms which are insensitive to magnetic fields.” The efficiency is limited by the fact that the atom does not sit still in the centre of the resonator, but moves. This causes the strength of the interaction between atom and photon to decrease. The researchers can thus also improve the efficiency: by greater cooling of the atom, i.e. by further reducing its kinetic energy.
The researchers at the Max Planck Institute in Garching now want to work on these two improvements. “If this is successful, the prospects for the single-atom quantum memory would be excellent,” says Stephan Ritter. The interface between light and individual atoms would make it possible to network more atoms in a quantum computer with each other than would be possible without such an interface; a fact that would make such a computer more powerful. Moreover, the exchange of photons would make it possible to quantum mechanically entangle atoms across large distances. The entanglement is a kind of quantum mechanical link between particles which is necessary to transport quantum information across large distances. The technique now being developed at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics could some day thus become an essential component of a future “quantum Internet.”
Harvard physicists expand prospects for engineering unusual materials
The physicists prepared a chain of single-atom magnets (red spheres with black arrows indicating north-south orientation) that repel one another, and aligned them (back row) with an external field. By reducing the field, they were able to observe reorientation (front row) caused by the magnetic repulsion (yellow helix) and minute quantum fluctuations. The background shows an image of the individual magnets, each comprising a single atom, as observed in the experiment.
Harvard physicists have expanded the possibilities for quantum engineering of novel materials such as high-temperature superconductors by coaxing ultra cold atoms trapped in an optical lattice — a light crystal — to self-organize into a magnet, using only the minute disturbances resulting from quantum mechanics. The research, published in the journal Nature, is the first demonstration of such a “quantum magnet” in an optical lattice.
As modern technology depends more and more on materials with exotic quantum mechanical properties, researchers are coming up against a natural barrier.
“The problem is that what makes these materials useful often makes them extremely difficult to design,”said senior author Markus Greiner, an associate professor in Harvard’s Department of Physics. “They can become entangled, existing in multiple configurations at the same time. This hallmark of quantum mechanics is difficult for normal computers to represent, so we had to take another approach.”
That approach is using a so-called “quantum simulator” — the properties of a quantum material are simulated with an artificial quantum system that can behave similarly, but that is easier to manipulate and observe.
The physicists found that when they applied a force to a crystal formed by ultracold atoms trapped in an optical lattice, a Mott insulator, the atoms behaved like a chain of little magnets that repelled one another, in the presence of an external magnetic field that sought to align them.
“When the external magnetic field was strong, all of the magnets aligned to it, forming a paramagnet,” said co-author Jonathan Simon, a postdoctoral fellow in physics. “When we reduced the magnetic field, the magnets spontaneously anti-aligned to their neighbors, producing an antiferromagnet.”
While such self-organization is common in everyday materials, it typically depends on temperature to jostle the system into the new order, like shaking a Boggle game to help the dice settle, the researchers say. “But the temperature was so low that thermal fluctuations were absent,” explained Simon. “Our fluctuations arose from quantum mechanics.”
When quantum mechanics takes over, things get bizarre. “Quantum fluctuations can make the magnets point in multiple directions simultaneously,” Greiner said. “This ‘quantum weirdness’ gives rise to many of the fascinating properties of quantum magnets.”
Greiner and his colleagues used a quantum gas microscope to observe individual magnets at temperatures of one billionth of a degree above absolute zero (-273 Celsius). They were able to watch as quantum fluctuations flipped the magnets around, turning a paramagnet into an antiferromagnet and back again.
“Observing quantum magnetism in a cold gas is a crucial first step toward quantum simulation of real magnetic materials,” Greiner said. “There remain many exciting questions to answer, and we have only just scratched the surface. By studying the bizarre and wonderful ways that quantum mechanics works, we open new perspectives not only for developing novel high-tech materials, but also for quantum information processing and computation.”
A Buddhist monk has his vital signs measured as he prepares to enter an advanced state of meditation in Normandy, France. During meditation, the monk’s body produces enough heat to dry cold, wet sheets put over his shoulders in a frigid room (Photo courtesy of Herbert Benson).
HARVARD GAZETTE ARCHIVES
Meditation changes temperatures:
Mind controls body in extreme experiments
By William J. Cromie
In a monastery in northern India, thinly clad Tibetan monks sat quietly in a room where the temperature was a chilly 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Using a yoga technique known as g Tum-mo, they entered a state of deep meditation. Other monks soaked 3-by-6-foot sheets in cold water (49 degrees) and placed them over the meditators’ shoulders. For untrained people, such frigid wrappings would produce uncontrolled shivering.
If body temperatures continue to drop under these conditions, death can result. But it was not long before steam began rising from the sheets. As a result of body heat produced by the monks during meditation, the sheets dried in about an hour.
Attendants removed the sheets, then covered the meditators with a second chilled, wet wrapping. Each monk was required to dry three sheets over a period of several hours.
Why would anyone do this? Herbert Benson, who has been studying g Tum-mo for 20 years, answers that “Buddhists feel the reality we live in is not the ultimate one. There’s another reality we can tap into that’s unaffected by our emotions, by our everyday world. Buddhists believe this state of mind can be achieved by doing good for others and by meditation. The heat they generate during the process is just a by-product of g Tum-mo meditation.”
Benson is an associate professor of medicine at the Harvard Medical School and president of the Mind/Body Medical Institute at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. He firmly believes that studying advanced forms of meditation “can uncover capacities that will help us to better treat stress-related illnesses.”
Benson developed the “relaxation response,” which he describes as “a physiological state opposite to stress.” It is characterized by decreases in metabolism, breathing rate, heart rate, and blood pressure. He and others have amassed evidence that it can help those suffering from illnesses caused or exacerbated by stress. Benson and colleagues use it to treat anxiety, mild and moderate depression, high blood pressure, heartbeat irregularities, excessive anger, insomnia, and even infertility. His team also uses this type of simple meditation to calm those who have been traumatized by the deaths of others, or by diagnoses of cancer or other painful, life-threatening illnesses.
“More than 60 percent of visits to physicians in the United States are due to stress-related problems, most of which are poorly treated by drugs, surgery, or other medical procedures,” Benson maintains.
The Mind/Body Medical Institute is now training people to use the relaxation response to help people working at Ground Zero in New York City, where two airplanes toppled the World Trade Center Towers last Sept. 11. Facilities have been set up at nearby St. Paul’s Chapel to aid people still working on clearing wreckage and bodies. Anyone else who feels stressed by those terrible events can also obtain help at the chapel. “We are training the trainers who work there,” Benson says.
The relaxation response involves repeating a word, sound, phrase, or short prayer while disregarding intrusive thoughts. “If such an easy-to-master practice can bring about the remarkable changes we observe,” Benson notes. “I want to investigate what advanced forms of meditation can do to help the mind control physical processes once thought to be uncontrollable.”
Some Westerners practice g Tum-mo, but it often takes years to reach states like those achieved by Buddhist monks. In trying to find groups he could study, Benson met Westerners who claimed to have mastered such advanced techniques, but who were, in his words, “fraudulent.”
Benson decided that he needed to locate a religious setting, where advanced mediation is traditionally practiced. His opportunity came in 1979 when the Dalai Lama, spiritual leader of Tibet, visited Harvard University. “His Holiness agreed to help me,” recalls Benson. That visit was the beginning of a long friendship and several expeditions to northern India where many Tibetan monks live in exile.
During visits to remote monasteries in the 1980s, Benson and his team studied monks living in the Himalayan Mountains who could, by g Tum-mo meditation, raise the temperatures of their fingers and toes by as much as 17 degrees. It has yet to be determined how the monks are able to generate such heat.
The researchers also made measurements on practitioners of other forms of advanced meditation in Sikkim, India. They were astonished to find that these monks could lower their metabolism by 64 percent. “It was an astounding, breathtaking [no pun intended] result,” Benson exclaims.
To put that decrease in perspective, metabolism, or oxygen consumption, drops only 10-15 percent in sleep and about 17 percent during simple meditation. Benson believes that such a capability could be useful for space travel. Travelers might use meditation to ease stress and oxygen consumption on long flights to other planets.
In 1985, the meditation team made a video of monks drying cold, wet sheets with body heat. They also documented monks spending a winter night on a rocky ledge 15,000 feet high in the Himalayas. The sleep-out took place in February on the night of the winter full moon when temperatures reached zero degrees F. Wearing only woolen or cotton shawls, the monks promptly fell asleep on the rocky ledge, They did not huddle together and the video shows no evidence of shivering. They slept until dawn then walked back to their monastery.
Working in isolated monasteries in the foothills of the Himalayas proved extremely difficult. Some religious leaders keep their meditative procedures a closely guarded secret. Medical measuring devices require electrical power and wall outlets are not always available. In addition, trying to meditate while strangers attempt to measure your rectal temperature is not something most monks are happy to do.
To avoid these problems, Instructor in Psychology Sara Lazar, a Benson colleague, used functional magnetic resonance imaging to scan the brains of meditators at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. The subjects were males, aged 22-45, who had practiced a form of advanced mediation called Kundalini daily for at least four years. In these experiments, the obstacles of cold and isolation were replaced by the difficulties of trying to meditate in a cramped, noisy machine. However, the results, published in the May 15, 2000, issue of the journal NeuroReport, turned out to be significant.
Herbert Benson, who developed a simple relaxation technique to reduce stress, enjoys a quiet moment at a placid stream near his office in Boston. He directs a study of advanced meditation to uncover capabilities that may help treat stress-related illnesses. (Staff photo by Kris Snibbe)
“Lazar found a marked decrease in blood flow to the entire brain,” Benson explains. “At the same time, certain areas of the brain became more active, specifically those that control attention and autonomic functions like blood pressure and metabolism. In short, she showed the value of using this method to record changes in the brain’s activity during meditation.”
The biggest obstruction in further studies, whether in India or Boston, has always been money. Research proceeded slowly and intermittently until February 2001, when Benson’s team received a $1.25 million grant from Loel Guinness, via the beer magnate’s Kalpa Foundation, established to study extraordinary human capacities.
The funds enabled researchers to bring three monks experienced in g Tum-mo to a Guinness estate in Normandy, France, last July. The monks then practiced for 100 days to reach their full meditative capacity. An eye infection sidelined one of the monks, but the other two proved able to dry frigid, wet sheets while wearing sensors that recorded changes in heat production and metabolism.
Although the team obtained valuable data, Benson concludes that “the room was not cold enough to do the tests properly.” His team will try again this coming winter with six monks. They will start practice in late summer and should be ready during the coldest part of winter.
Benson feels sure these attempts to understand advanced mediation will lead to better treatments for stress-related illnesses. “My hope,” he says, “is that self-care will stand equal with medical drugs, surgery, and other therapies that are now used to alleviate mental and physical suffering. Along with nutrition and exercise, mind/body approaches can be part of self-care practices that could save millions of dollars annually in medical costs.”
Meditation… Here the heart/May give a useful lesson to the head. – Cowper
“Invisibility” is a concept that predates written language; even early hunters and gatherers knew the advantages of being “unseen” when tracking prey. Camouflage techniques have improved throughout the centuries, and most recently, so have scientific breakthroughs regarding the possibility to achieve invisibility through technology.
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, “invisible” is defined as: “incapable by nature of being seen; inaccessible to view.”
The ability to go unseen, to actually become “invisible”, is something many chi gung practitioners hope to achieve. Like the “magic cloaks” of science fiction and fantasy lore, many naysayers outside and within the chi gung community will argue this to be impossible. Although this article will not go into the specifics on how to perform an “invisibility” technique, (or for all the Trekkies out there, “cloaking” technique), this article will focus on the actual scientific rationale as to why this works via technology, and provide insights as to why this can also be done with chi.
In an article published by Wired magazine, it was stated that: “the U.S. Army is getting closer to mastering man-made “meta-materials” that can bend light around an object.”
According David Smith, a professor at Duke University: “A meta-material is a material with unique properties that derive from its physical structure, not its chemical make up.” Smith’s findings suggest that, in order to actually manipulate light, the surface of the material being used (for example, the material in an invisibility cloak) must be much smaller than that of the wavelength of light being used. “The advances in nanotechnology are making it easier to create ever-smaller structures that can manipulate ever-smaller wavelengths,” said Smith.
Students of the Chi Energy Heals School are finding, first-hand, the true nature of the physics behind chi, and how human beings actually interact with and [can] control the subatomic particles that build the Universe as the Scientific Community has recently come to know it.
Strings, Plank Length, and Chi:
As we delve deeper into the building blocks of the Universe, we find that the smallest particle, which cannot be broken down any further, is a “string”.
“String theory is a unified theory of the universe, postulating that fundamental ingredients of nature are not zero-dimensional point particles but tiny one-dimensional filaments called strings; string theory harmoniously unites quantum mechanics and general relatively, the previously known laws of the small and the large, that are otherwise incompatible.”- Brian Greene, The Elegant Universe
According to string theorists, it is proposed that strings are the smallest forms of energy in the known Universe. A string’s length is “about 10-33 centimeters,” Brian Greene The Elegant Universe. This length is called “Plank length”, and is smaller than the subatomic particles that make-up the photons that, in turn, make visible light.
Please note: nanotechnology has yet to reach the subatomic sizes of plank length, however; practitioners Chi Energy can.
Chi is a form off electromagnetic energy. Human beings produce bio-electromagnetic energy; said energy serves as a key component of the functioning of the body, even at the cellular level. It only stands to reason that many of us are indeed sensitive to and can harness/cultivate more.
Students of the Chi Energy are given step-by-step instruction regarding how to become sensitive to as well as intuitive with the electromagnetic energy they produce as well as the ebb and flow of the electromagnetic energy in the Universe. Yes, this is a tall order, however; with the assistance of dedicated Instructions as well as a thorough curriculum students of the Chi Energy Heals School are taught to think and feel at the subatomic level.
The possibilities are truly limited only by the individual’s mind. Using chi to wrap the body in light-diffracting particles is something that is certainly conceivable and, given the proper training, certainly achievable.
We at the School of Chi Energy Heals have found that chi is best developed when a healthy mind and a healthy body work in unison.
Visit us to find out more regarding our courses and product offerings.
Our School of Chi Energy Heals blog is updated regularly with the latest scientific data that proves, via physics, the existence of chi at link http://www.chienergytraining.com
Henri Bergson, the French Philosopher who won the 1928 Nobel Prize in Literature, is attributed as to have said: “The eye sees only what the mind is prepared to comprehend.” Many students of the The School of Chi Energy Heals are experiencing a level of visual acuity never before experienced. These visual “side effects”, “floaties” [in the fore gaze] and wisp-like movements [from the peripherals] are typical side effects for anyone practicing gi gong activities, and even more so for those engaged in Chi Energy Heals training.
Although speaking metaphorically, Bergson’s genius was more accurate than the science of the 1920s could immediately prove. Amazingly complex, the human eye perceives much more than typically given credit and is the focus of this article. Not only will this article discuss the nature of what these intangible “floaties” are, but equally important, provide scientific fact (with accompanying references) demonstrating how it is possible for the eye to register said phenomena.
The anatomy of the human eye is anything but basic. Within the confines of a very small space (approximately 1 inch long, 1 inch deep and 1 inch wide), the human eye boasts of intricate machinations of about 15 working parts.
Deeper still, within these subsystems, specifically the retina, are individual photoreceptors that are responsible for sensing light and varying combinations of the visible spectrum and sensing movement. Men and women practicing chi gung, and more specifically, students of the Chi Energy Heals School, should direct their attention to three specific areas of interest: rods; cones; and the optic nerve.
Rods and cones are photoreceptors and reside in the retina of the human eye.
Whereas the typical human eye has approximately 120 millions rods, the same eye has only 6-7 million cones. The reason for this, e.g. the role and functionality between the rods and cones, as well as their geographic distribution, will become of particular interest to the active reader.
Cones are responsible for detecting light at higher levels of brightness (lumens) and can differentiate color. They are typically broken down into three major subgroups: short wavelength sensitive cones (S-cones) responsible for interpreting “blues”; medium wavelength sensitive cones (M-cones), responsible for interpreting “greens”, and “long wavelength sensitive cones (L-cones), responsible for interpreting “reds”.
A photon, the smallest packet into which light can be broken into, is a quantum particle. The tiny particles that build the very Universe, are, in fact, termed: “quanta”. This is to say, that, the “floaties” we see, are the natural building blocks of the Universe. The human eye is sensitive to the degree that is able to register even a single photon packet of light energy. As our sensitivity grows, we interpret more of these of these quantum particles as “floaties”. In essence, we are realizing that we can, indeed, see “chi”.
[Articles, such as “Space-time and Chi Power”, “What is Chi?”, and “Electricity” provide detail and addition research and reference materials regarding quantum mechanics and how these accompanying subatomic particles correlate to chi.]
Furthermore, because rods are located along the peripherals of the fovea, as indicated by the graphic below, we can easily surmise why the human eye not only better detects motion via peripheral vision, but also, why we tend to see the movement of the aforementioned subatomic particles via the same vantage point.
There are approximately 50-60 million rods located along the outset of each fovea of the eye; each individual rod is capable of detecting a single quantum phenomena. It is no small wonder that humans engaged in chi building disciplines become aware of and experience this heightened state of vision.
The Optic Nerve
Popular neuroimaging techniques, such as the Electroencephalogram (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (meg) rely upon imaging devices that create pictures of the human brain. Each respective device is tuned to register electronic (EEG) and magnetic (meg) waves emitted by the nerve fibers within the human brain. [As an aside, the nervous system of the entire human body conducts electricity.]
The optic nerve within the human eye provides a direct feed of electric impulse/information from the eye to the brain, allowing the brain to receive and interpret the images of visual sensory information.
For men and women training with The School of Chi Energy Heals, especially those within the Instructor Years, a “moment of clarity” should be quickly approaching. Traditional chi building exercises result in levels of sensitivity to said bioelectric energy to varying degrees. Chi Energy Heals, as taught thru Sifu Jones’ methodology, deliberately engages the body’s nerve fibers to better harness and more efficiently utilize this same energy.
The deliberate build-up through life enhancing and health promoting exercises, all holistically integrated for a synergistic effect, result in heightened awareness and sensitivities to these quantum phenomena [chi]. With the nerve fibers of the entire body, including the optic fiber, operating with a higher throughput of electric current, it is no wonder that we can not only sense and feel chi energy, but, in keeping with the topic of this article, see it as well.
The French novelist Marcel Proust said: “The real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new lands, but in seeing with new eyes”. We at The School of Chi Energy Heals invite you to not only see with new eyes, but to join us in this voyage of discovery.