Chi Energy Training Enrolled Students:
Tag Archives: Chi Energy

Energy Healers need to know about BioPhotons…

Recently, Sifu Cindy Cicero did that which many of us engaged in chi training would love to do: Sifu Cicero was able to have her bio electromagnetic energy [chi] measured via a well-documented and innovative technique. With an open mind and lighthearted spirit, Sifu Cicero allowed the scientists at the Rhine Research Center, located on the beautiful campus of Duke University, to measure her electromagnetic output.

The text that follows introduces the Rhine Research Center and serves as a backdrop to the experiment in which Sifu Cicero participated and; provides multiple layers of detail describing electromagnetic energy and the biophotonic nature of the human being.

This  mp3 explains about BioPhotons and The Rhine Experiment

Play now   or (download).

The significance to the Professional Energy Healer will be evident.

The Rhine Research Center

Established in 1927, the Rhine Research Center was Duke University’s laboratory focused on the investigation of psychic phenomena. In fact, the Rhine Research Center gave birth to the well-known Zener [ESP] cards, and helped pave the way for the rigorous field of scientific study we now call parapsychology.

Although their mission statement has broadened somewhat over the years, the Rhine center, now a standalone complex, is better poised to investigate the study of “human consciousness – its reach, its reality, its durability, its healing capacity, and its spiritual dimension”. This mission statement dovetails perfectly into the practice and charter of The International Online School of Bio-Energy Training.

Bio-Emissions Lab Experiment

As previously mentioned, Sifu Cindy Cicero had the unique and privileged opportunity to have her bio electromagnetic energy measured by the scientists at the Rhine Research Center. In truth, the privilege is ours, as Sifu Cicero provided us with a video of the experiment as well as a first person account of her experience here: Bio-Emissions Lab Experiment.

At this juncture we will turn our attention away from the experiment and the term “biophoton”, and look to the more widely understood term “photon”. After gaining an understanding of the nature and behavior of the photon, we will return to Sifu Cicero’s experience at the Rhine Research Center.

The Rhine Center Video

http://www.chienergyheals.com/the-bio-energy-experiment/

 

The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Maxwell introduced the concept of electromagnetic waves in 1865 via his groundbreaking paper “A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field”. It was here that Maxwell established that electric and magnetic fields travel through space in the form of waves, and that light is an electromagnetic phenomenon as well.

Light waves, identified through their wavelengths and frequency, come in many flavors.

 

According to How Stuff Works:

“The size of a wave is measured as its wavelength, which is the distance between any two corresponding points on successive waves, usually peak to peak or trough to trough. The wavelengths of the light we can see range from 400 to 700 nanometers (or billionths of a meter). But the full range of wavelengths included in the definition of electromagnetic radiation extends from 0.1 nanometers, as in gamma rays, to centimeters and meters, as in radio waves.”

Furthermore:

“The frequency is the number of waves that pass a point in space during any time interval, usually one second. We measure it in units of cycles (waves) per second, or hertz. The frequency of visible light is referred to as color, and ranges from 430 trillion hertz, seen as red, to 750 trillion hertz, seen as violet.”

Please take special note of the information regarding “wavelength” and “frequency”; these concepts play an integral part in the Rhine Research Center experiment where Sifu Cicero raised the bar and demonstrated what sets The International Online School of Bio-Energy Training apart from all others.

This is important because, energy – especially electromagnetic energy, is measurable.

The relationship between the energy in an electromagnetic wave is proportional to its frequency:

  • High frequency electromagnetic waves have high energy
  • Low frequency electromagnetic waves have low energy

Figure 1 Light Frequencies

As per Figure 1, we can see that the shorter the wavelength, the higher the frequency, and thus, the higher the energy of the electromagnetic wave.

Unfortunately, scaling in Figure 1 is inaccurate. In fact, “visible light occupies only one-thousandth of a percent of the spectrum”.

Figure 2 “The Electromagnetic Spectrum” provides a better visualization between the length of an electromagnetic wave in comparison to objects with which we are generally familiar.

Worthy of note in Figure 2 is the inclusion of “temperature” in relation to wavelength. This too is very important to the Rhine Research Center experiment for reasons discussed later in this discourse; furthermore, the concept of temperature, including sensitivity and control of, is a foundational cornerstone of The International Online School of Bio-Energy Training. The article “Chi Energy and Temperature of Light” provides well documented research into this abstract concept.

 Figure 2 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Here we can see that, like Figure 1, Gamma rays have the highest levels of electromagnetic energy. Generally speaking, Gamma rays are extremely dangerous to humans, and most animal life forms; however, when focused, Gamma rays have the ability to save lives. Gamma-knife radiosurgery is a noninvasive type of surgery used to treat brain tumors. According to the Mayo Clinic:

“The precision of gamma-knife radiosurgery results in minimal damage to healthy tissues surrounding the target and, in some cases, a lower risk of side effects compared with other types of radiation therapy. Also, gamma-knife radiosurgery is often a safer option than is traditional brain surgery. Gamma-knife radiosurgery is usually a one-time therapy completed in a single day.”

Awareness of the gamma knife is very important. Although many people training in traditional chi gung programs never reach this level of energy development and projection, Sifu Cicero’s experience at the Rhine Research Center makes it clear that it is not only within reason, but expected that practitioners following the training curriculum of The International Online School of Bio-Energy Training will find themselves at this echelon of energy cultivation.

[For students already engaged in this methodology, you should get a better appreciation for the safeguards built into the system, designed to keep you from causing harm to yourself and to others while developing your burgeoning abilities.]

 

At this point in the discussion, it would behoove us to take a momentary pause, as we have covered quite a bit of information. Although it may not be readily apparent, rest assured that everything presented prior to now forms an intellectual building block for the topics to follow, leading up to the apex of this discourse: human beings not only give off light in the form of biophotons, but are, in fact, at the most rudimentary level, made up of light itself.

 

Atomic Structure

The term “atomic” is synonymous with immense power and the potential of danger: from nuclear power plants to atomic weapons, harvesting the energetic properties of the atom is a scientific goal since the discovery of the atom.

Returning to Figure 2, we see that atoms are small, very small, and reside in the range of the X-ray wavelength. Just to the right of the atom is the “atomic nuclei”, which is even smaller, and has a higher level of [potential] energy.

Whereas we all know that atoms are key building blocks of all matter in the Universe, it is good to take a moment and refresh our memories regarding the atom’s internal structure, as this plays directly into the topic at hand.

The American Nuclear Society provides a great amount of information regarding the properties and behavior of atoms. According to the ANS, atoms consist of “protons (with a positive electrical charge), electrons (with a negative electrical charge), and neutrons (with no electrical charge)”.

Protons and neutrons gather in a dense cluster, called the nucleus, while electrons orbit the nucleus much like weather satellites orbit the Earth. Here is where things get interesting.

Electrons are quirky characters. Contrary to popular belief, electrons do not float about as if a mist or cloud around the nucleus. Like many of us who have a favorite chair or a preferred cereal bowl, electrons have preferred orbit; a lane, so to speak, where each electron travels in groupings: two; six; 10 and; 14.

The nature of, or simply the fact of the electron orbital, is the critical component in this discourse. Although there are many ways to produce photons, each mechanism revolves around the same concept: an electron, when energized, leaves its natural orbit and occupies a higher than normal orbital sub shell. The electron, seeking normalcy, sheds the extra energy, falling back to its normal, lower orbit. The shed energy is a photon. Figure 3 provides and excellent graphic describing this process.

Furthermore, according to the atom/element, each photon emitted has the characteristic of the specific wavelength of electromagnetic energy; this is to say that the photon has the corresponding color and frequency that matches the distance the electron falls.

Figure 3 Birth of a Photon

The website How Stuff Works provides an easily recognizable example of photon emission in everyday life: fluorescent lamps.

“These forms of lighting pass an electric current through a gas to make the gas emit light. The colors of gas-discharge lamps vary widely depending on the identity of the gas and the construction of the lamp.”

This is to say, the photon produced by the energized electron falling back to its regular orbit coincides with a specific wavelength. The photon’s color is a direct correlation to its energy; this is the photon’s wavelength in the EM spectrum [Figures 1 & 2] and thus, the color of visible light.

What is truly remarkable is this: it turns out that humans also produce light. This intercellular luminescence is termed: biophontics.

 

Biophotons

While studying chemicals in an attempt to gain a better understanding of causes of cancer, a German theoretical biophysicist by the name of Fritz-Albert Popp, stumbled upon something so groundbreaking that over 300 years later, scientists are still trying to uncover the depth and potential of its meaning.

Fritz-Albert Popp discovered that the human body emits light.

He coined the phrase “biophoton” to describe this phenomenon: Biophotons are weaklight emitted by photons within the cells of our bodies.

The role the biophoton plays is multifaceted. Experimental data confirms that biophotons transmit information. Popp’s research and initial speculations on biophotons is the focus of rigorous scientific studies today; multiple journals and institutes pledge their mission to demonstrate that biophotons are integral to health, and the absence [or healing] of illness. Jule Klotter’s article “Light Cancer and Popp” offers details regarding Popp’s initial research and findings in this field.

The Biophotonics Research Institute provides an excellent article shedding light on this emerging science. In accordance with Popp’s research, Elizabeth Bauer writes:

“The biophoton phenomenon is not confined to “thermal” radiation in the infrared range. It is well known that biophotons are emitted also in the range from visible up to the UV ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum. The intensity of biophotons can be registered from a few photons per second in a square centimeter surface area to several hundred photons per second in a square centimeter from every living system.”

This ties directly into Sifu Cicero’s experience at the Rhine Research Center. Using very sensitive equipment in a controlled environment, including a photo multiplier tube and an EMI Shielded Room, the scientists at the Rhine Research Center counted the numbers of biophotons emitted by Sifu Cicero as well as their wavelength/frequency.

As per the “Bio-emissions Lab Experiment” video and Sifu Cicero’s first person account, the scientists performing the experiment were markedly impressed with Sifu Cicero’s ability to raise, lower, and raise again her energy projections. In fact, Sifu Cicero is now the fifth person in 30 years with over thousands of men and women performing this experiment, to reach the energy levels of the Ultraviolet frequencies.

Looking back to Figure 2, it is clear why the scientists were so very impressed. The Ultraviolet frequency/wavelength is not only very high in energy, but also incredibly hot. Sifu Cicero’s ability to raise her energy, at will, on demand and on command, to such a high level is impressive in and of itself. What raises the bar, is that at the same time, Sifu Cicero was able keep herself physically cool while projecting her energy within the Ultraviolet range; mindboggling indeed. Of course, students of The International Online School of Bio-Energy Training engage in a methodology and curriculum architected in such a way that Sifu Cicero’s results are the norm, not the exception.

Human beings: Beings of Light

In his epic masterpiece “Star Wars: Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back”, visionary George Lucas’ character Master Yoda spoke these words not to a young Luke Skywalker, but to all of us the world over: “Luminous beings are we, not this crude matter.”

Fritz-Albert Popp’s research, presented herein, confirms this startling truth. Yes, we are children born of light.

As you continue your journey, take time to reflect on the concepts highlighted in this discourse, as well as the various articles referenced.

Decide for yourself what this means to you and for you. We are no longer bound to the mundane. We are so much more than we knew – and finding out and more each and every day.

Enjoy the journey; be well; be mindful.

V/r

Don E. Brown II, MSIS

[certified instructor] The International Online School of Bio-Energy Training


Chi Energy and Temperature of Light

School of Chi Energy

Article by certified Instructor Sifu Don Brown

As odd as it may seem, the temperature of light is not fixed; in fact, it is possible to freeze light. The usefulness of this discovery did not go unnoticed in the scientific and manufacturing communities. As stated in the article “Physicists freeze light, propose optical CPUs”, the ability to lower the temperature of light makes quantum computing that much more feasible as well as practical.

What I find most interesting in this revelation is that it coincides with energy cultivation concepts taught by Sifu Jones for years prior to this technological breakthrough.

The idea of keeping my energy “cool” was an abstract concept that was particularly difficult to grasp. At the time, I had not realized that chi/electromagnetic energies have physical temperatures; nor did I realize the cause and effect relationship between “hot” chi and the physical manifestations of strained muscles, internal discomforts, and disruptive energies exacerbating interpersonal relationships. Furthermore, it was beyond my understanding that the human mind is capable of manipulating the temperature of objects, especially electromagnetic phenomena. With Sifu’s prompting and patient tutelage, I gradually came to know the truth expressed in the recent scientific discoveries via the use of my own mind. Immediately, the abovementioned negative side effects of “hot” chi subsided. The idea of lowering the temperature of the bio-electromagnetic energy I cultivate, however, was but the starting point.

Chi, electricity, and light are electromagnetic phenomena that are hot at default settings. Through trial and error, we have all learned that, on some level, electricity burns. Light, given off from distant stars and fires, carries heat; too much [sun] light can lead to medical ailments, from a simple sunburn to heat strokes and more. When cultivating this energy with and for the body, it behooves the practitioner to cool this energy, as the body will be more receptive to it and the generation thereof.

In the article “Virtual Reality Therapy” , [author ] Dr. Hunter Hoffman, who is the director of the Virtual Reality Analgesia Research Center at the University of Washington Human Interface Technology Laboratory (HITLab) in Seattle, makes some very profound discoveries that show the power of the human mind:

  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging shows that virtual reality actually reduces the amount of pain-related activity in the brain. The same incoming pain signal can be interpreted as more or less painful depending on what the patient is thinking.
  • In addition to influencing the way patients interpret such signals, psychological factors can even influence the amount of pain signals allowed to enter the brain’s cortex.
  • We found a significant positive correlation between the potency of the illusion—how strongly the subjects felt they were immersed in the virtual world—and the alleviation of their pain.

Not only does the scientific data demonstrate Dr. Hoffman’s observation as truth, we instinctively know this from our real world experiences.

In the article, “Virtual-Reality Video Game To Help Burn Patients Play Their Way To Pain Relief”, Dr. Gamelli of the Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood made t his [un] commonsense observation about Hoffman’s work:

“The theory is solid. Think of a toothache. During the day it’s less painful because you have more demands on your attention. However, when night comes and things quiet down, your pain can flair up because you have far less to focus on.”

For many of us engaging in the cultivation of chi energy, the ability to imagine/visualize without the aid of advanced technology falls pathetically short when compared to the sophisticated virtual reality systems in use by Dr. Hoffman and his colleagues. With continued practice, things improve. So much so that, it is completely possible to not only change the temperature of the chi.

As noted in other articles, the human brain is amazingly plastic; it morphs to better perform that which we tell it is important. The same is true here. Thru daily efforts in visualization techniques within this energy cultivation method, the brain repeatedly receives instructions as to what is important and as such, complies. The ability to visualize becomes second nature, and thru this ability, not only can the temperature of energy be changed, but a myriad of attributes and instruction given to the energy: how it feels; how it performs; what it does; how it behaves; etcetera.

The ability to control chi to this level of detail is critical for successful upper level techniques, such as remote healing. So that the practitioner has the ability to reproduce these techniques, on command and on demand with consistent results, this method integrates the concept of cooling the temperature of chi from the very beginning. The building blocks to upper echelon abilities are encoded in every phase of this method and carefully laid out in the curriculum.

Mindful Life By Design www.chienergyheal.com copyright 2011 all rights reserved



Chi Energy Instructor measures at High Levels

The Rhine Center measured Sifu Cicero instructor from The School of Chi Energy and found she is the “fifth” unique individual with an high amount of bio-photon emissions in the last 30 years.

This demonstrates the type of bio-energy build up that our Chi Energy students receive from their nerve fiber form training for Health, Healing and Attraction.

http://youtu.be/dOYikGwoVj4


The Truth about Chakras

Chakra Truth

The online School of Chi Energy Training

The Truth about Chakras and Vortexes…

A Question and Answer Seminar about how Chi Energy students reach the higher levels at healing and extreme abilities with Vortex\Chakra power.  Learn how the science versus the metaphysical philosophy of Chakras, can change the way you perform energy healing.

or  Click this link to download the seminar 



Chi and Hormonal Brain Function

Brain region that predicts the future identified

When the human host is hormonally balanced it can access this area of the brain… August 2011 by Sujata Gupta

The part of the brain we use to predict the immediate future has been identified.

Jeffrey Zacks, a cognitive neuroscientist at Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri, carried out fMRI brain scans on volunteers watching film clips of everyday scenes, such as a person washing dishes. The participants showed increased activity in the midbrain dopamine system (MDS) just before and after a scene changed, indicating this brain area is involved in both anticipating and responding to events.

Dopamine-producing cells in part of the MDS are impaired in Parkinson’s disease, suggesting the disease impairs people’s ability to recognise transitions in everyday situations. The study could one day lead to an early diagnostic tool for Parkinson’s and other cognitive diseases, says Zacks.


Bioelectricity, Qi, and the Human Body

Bio-electricity, Qi, and the Human Body

www.chienergyheals.com

Chi Energy Training

 

 

by Don E. Brown II, MSIS
Certified Instructor; Chi Energy Heals

Qi is the electric energy associated with living organisms. Electricity, defined by Merriam-Webster, is as follows: a fundamental form of energy observable in positive and negative forms that occurs naturally (as in lightning) or is produced (as in a generator) and that is expressed in terms of the movement and interaction of electrons.

Generally speaking, when thinking of electricity, we think of it as something external to our human bodies: the naturally occurring lightning and human created technology being two said instances. There is, however, a form of electricity that is prevalent in every living creature: bioelectricity.

Bioelectricity is the electric phenomena related to living organisms It is bioelectricity that enables a shark to map the ocean floor. It is bio-electromagnetic phenomena that enable migratory birds to travel great distances at the same time each year with the accuracy we have only been able to reproduce with maps and GPS. It is bioelectricity that enables the electric eel to generate large fields of current outside their bodies.

The difference of electricity vs. bioelectricity is in degree, not in kind. Whereas a lightning bolt can exceed temperatures of 54,000 degrees Fahrenheit (30,000 degrees Celsius), that same current runs through the human body, just on a smaller scale. In fact, the human body runs largely off of [bio] electricity and has organs dedicated to sensing electromagnetic impulses, both inside and outside the human body. The pineal and pituitary glands are both directly tied to the human body’s ability to sense and actively experience electromagnetic phenomenon.

The pineal gland is the evolutionary descendant of our ancestors’ ability to perceive light. It also “regulates the circadian rhythms of the body, biological rhythms that are attuned to the day-night cycle,” (Celtoslavica, “Electricity and Human Consciousness); these “rhythms” can be and have been disrupted by electromagnetic fields, both naturally occurring as well as man-made. The pituitary gland “controls and influences all other hormonal organs which report back to the pituitary gland” (Celtoslavica, “Electricity and Human Consciousness); in fact, the pituitary gland is largely responsible for the overall functioning and efficiency of the human nervous system.

The nervous system in human beings is based entirely off of the ability to transmit electric pulses. Every cell within the human body pumps ions (e.g. that which makes up the quantum field), in and out of the cell for energy purposes; this is called the Sodium-Potassium pump, and can be found in all animal life. Said energy, in the biological animal, is called “adenosine triphosphate” (ATP); biologists and biochemist alike have noted that ATP can be neutral, or carry a charge (plus or minus), and is, infact, a charged particle which the cells use for energy. ATP is the final product of the digestive cycle and further exemplifies the human being’s connection (and ability) to experience and manipulate the electromagnetic fields that permeate the Universe.

“Bio-magnetism: An Awesome Force in Our Lives”, an article published by Reader’s Digest (January 1983), highlights some of the [still] cutting edge concepts the scientific community is, and has been, practicing: “When a patient with a broken leg that is not healing properly comes to Dr. Basset (Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center in New York City, NY), he is likely to go home with two heavy pads connected by wires to a box that can plug into an electrical wall socket. The patient puts one pad on each side of his broken bone and turns on the device. Coils of wire in the pad induce a pulsing electromagnetic field into his flesh and bone — a field of qi energy that somehow commands the bone to heal itself.”
As postulated by the scientists interviewed in the article, it makes sense that human beings have the innate ability to sense electromagnetic phenomena: “We live on a sun-lit planet, and most living things have acquired some means to use the light. We live in a world filled with sounds, and most living things have developed a means to sense vibrations. Since our planet is also a giant magnet, it should not surprise us to discover that we and many other living things have a sensitivity to Earth’s magnetic-force field.”

As we look from large-scale physics, e.g., the lightning bolt and the sodium-potassium pump, to smaller scale electromagnetic phenomenon, we find ourselves in the realm of quantum mechanics. Light is an electromagnetic phenomenon. Light is both a wave and a particle. In terms of quantum mechanics, electricity and light are the same. The oscillations of the impulses create the divergent effects. Microwaves, radio waves, even the non-lethal weapons of the US Army (such as the Active Denial System) are based out of electromagnetic fields.

Qi, too, is an electromagnetic phenomenon. Qi is energy; light energy; bio-electromagnetic energy; electricity. The degree of strength in an electromagnetic impulse is the difference between the heart pumping vs. a heart attack. When building qi, it is important to understand, important to know, that the electricity you are both introducing to your body as well as augmenting within your body, can be controlled/manipulated by your mind.

The design of the human body features many organs attuned to electromagnetic phenomena: the eyes register individual photon packets; the tympanic membrane vibrates the mechanical wave of sound; the brain creates an electromagnetic field that is both separate and different from that which the heart generates. All this is to say that not only do human beings interact with electricity, we are fully capable of cultivating and controlling the bioelectricity we generate via our own bodies.
Understanding that qi is our natural form of electricity, and that this energy comprises the very building blocks of spacetime, it is easy for us to see with the eyes of the enlightened – the interconnectedness we have with the Universe, and our abilities to move past the mundane.

 

http://www.qigonginstitute.org/html/papers/QiIsEnergy.pdf


Single Atom Stores Quantum Information

Single Atom Stores Quantum Information

ScienceDaily (May 2, 2011) — A data memory can hardly be any smaller: researchers working with Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching have stored quantum information in a single atom. The researchers wrote the quantum state of single photons, i.e. particles of light, into a rubidium atom and read it out again after a certain storage time. This technique can be used in principle to design powerful quantum computers and to network them with each other across large distances.

Quantum computers will one day be able to cope with computational tasks in no time where current computers would take years. They will take their enormous computing power from their ability to simultaneously process the diverse pieces of information which are stored in the quantum state of microscopic physical systems, such as single atoms and photons.

In order to be able to operate, the quantum computers must exchange these pieces of information between their individual components. Photons are particularly suitable for this, as no matter needs to be transported with them. Particles of matter however will be used for the information storage and processing. Researchers are therefore looking for methods whereby quantum information can be exchanged between photons and matter. Although this has already been done with ensembles of many thousands of atoms, physicists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching have now proved that quantum information can also be exchanged between single atoms and photons in a controlled way.

Using a single atom as a storage unit has several advantages — the extreme miniaturization being only one, says Holger Specht from the Garching-based Max Planck Institute, who was involved in the experiment. The stored information can be processed by direct manipulation on the atom, which is important for the execution of logical operations in a quantum computer. “In addition, it offers the chance to check whether the quantum information stored in the photon has been successfully written into the atom without destroying the quantum state,” says Specht. It is thus possible to ascertain at an early stage that a computing process must be repeated because of a storage error.

The fact that no one had succeeded until very recently in exchanging quantum information between photons and single atoms was because the interaction between the particles of light and the atoms is very weak. Atom and photon do not take much notice of each other, as it were, like two party guests who hardly talk to each other, and can therefore exchange only a little information. The researchers in Garching have enhanced the interaction with a trick. They placed a rubidium atom between the mirrors of an optical resonator, and then used very weak laser pulses to introduce single photons into the resonator. The mirrors of the resonator reflected the photons to and fro several times, which strongly enhanced the interaction between photons and atom. Figuratively speaking, the party guests thus meet more often and the chance that they talk to each other increases.

The photons carried the quantum information in the form of their polarization. This can be left-handed (the direction of rotation of the electric field is anti-clockwise) or right-handed (clock-wise). The quantum state of the photon can contain both polarizations simultaneously as a so-called superposition state. In the interaction with the photon the rubidium atom is usually excited and then loses the excitation again by means of the probabilistic emission of a further photon. The Garching-based researchers did not want this to happen. On the contrary, the absorption of the photon was to bring the rubidium atom into a definite, stable quantum state. The researchers achieved this with the aid of a further laser beam, the so-called control laser, which they directed onto the rubidium atom at the same time as it interacted with the photon.

The spin orientation of the atom contributes decisively to the stable quantum state generated by control laser and photon. Spin gives the atom a magnetic moment. The stable quantum state, which the researchers use for the storage, is thus determined by the orientation of the magnetic moment. The state is characterized by the fact that it reflects the photon’s polarization state: the direction of the magnetic moment corresponds to the rotational direction of the photon’s polarization, a mixture of both rotational directions being stored by a corresponding mixture of the magnetic moments.

This state is read out by the reverse process: irradiating the rubidium atom with the control laser again causes it to re-emit the photon which was originally incident. In the vast majority of cases, the quantum information in the read-out photon agrees with the information originally stored, as the physicists in Garching discovered. The quantity that describes this relationship, the so-called fidelity, was more than 90 percent. This is significantly higher than the 67 percent fidelity that can be achieved with classical methods, i.e. those not based on quantum effects. The method developed in Garching is therefore a real quantum memory.

The physicists measured the storage time, i.e. the time the quantum information in the rubidium can be retained, as around 180 microseconds. “This is comparable with the storage times of all previous quantum memories based on ensembles of atoms,” says Stephan Ritter, another researcher involved in the experiment. Nevertheless, a significantly longer storage time is necessary for the method to be used in a quantum computer or a quantum network. There is also a further quality characteristic of the single-atom quantum memory from Garching which could be improved: the so-called efficiency. It is a measure of how many of the irradiated photons are stored and then read out again. This was just under 10 percent.

The storage time is mainly limited by magnetic field fluctuations from the laboratory surroundings, says Ritter. “It can therefore be increased by storing the quantum information in quantum states of the atoms which are insensitive to magnetic fields.” The efficiency is limited by the fact that the atom does not sit still in the centre of the resonator, but moves. This causes the strength of the interaction between atom and photon to decrease. The researchers can thus also improve the efficiency: by greater cooling of the atom, i.e. by further reducing its kinetic energy.

The researchers at the Max Planck Institute in Garching now want to work on these two improvements. “If this is successful, the prospects for the single-atom quantum memory would be excellent,” says Stephan Ritter. The interface between light and individual atoms would make it possible to network more atoms in a quantum computer with each other than would be possible without such an interface; a fact that would make such a computer more powerful. Moreover, the exchange of photons would make it possible to quantum mechanically entangle atoms across large distances. The entanglement is a kind of quantum mechanical link between particles which is necessary to transport quantum information across large distances. The technique now being developed at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics could some day thus become an essential component of a future “quantum Internet.”



The Quantum Magnet

The ‘quantum magnet’

Harvard physicists expand prospects for engineering unusual materials

Harvard physicists have expanded the possibilities for quantum engineering of novel materials such as high-temperature superconductors by coaxing ultra cold atoms trapped in an optical lattice — a light crystal — to self-organize into a magnet, using only the minute disturbances resulting from quantum mechanics. The research, published in the journal Nature, is the first demonstration of such a “quantum magnet” in an optical lattice.

As modern technology depends more and more on materials with exotic quantum mechanical properties, researchers are coming up against a natural barrier.

“The problem is that what makes these materials useful often makes them extremely difficult to design,”said senior author Markus Greiner, an associate professor in Harvard’s Department of Physics. “They can become entangled, existing in multiple configurations at the same time. This hallmark of quantum mechanics is difficult for normal computers to represent, so we had to take another approach.”

That approach is using a so-called “quantum simulator” — the properties of a quantum material are simulated with an artificial quantum system that can behave similarly, but that is easier to manipulate and observe.

The physicists found that when they applied a force to a crystal formed by ultracold atoms trapped in an optical lattice, a Mott insulator, the atoms behaved like a chain of little magnets that repelled one another, in the presence of an external magnetic field that sought to align them.

“When the external magnetic field was strong, all of the magnets aligned to it, forming a paramagnet,” said co-author Jonathan Simon, a postdoctoral fellow in physics. “When we reduced the magnetic field, the magnets spontaneously anti-aligned to their neighbors, producing an antiferromagnet.”

While such self-organization is common in everyday materials, it typically depends on temperature to jostle the system into the new order, like shaking a Boggle game to help the dice settle, the researchers say. “But the temperature was so low that thermal fluctuations were absent,” explained Simon. “Our fluctuations arose from quantum mechanics.”

When quantum mechanics takes over, things get bizarre. “Quantum fluctuations can make the magnets point in multiple directions simultaneously,” Greiner said. “This ‘quantum weirdness’ gives rise to many of the fascinating properties of quantum magnets.”

Greiner and his colleagues used a quantum gas microscope to observe individual magnets at temperatures of one billionth of a degree above absolute zero (-273 Celsius). They were able to watch as quantum fluctuations flipped the magnets around, turning a paramagnet into an antiferromagnet and back again.

“Observing quantum magnetism in a cold gas is a crucial first step toward quantum simulation of real magnetic materials,” Greiner said. “There remain many exciting questions to answer, and we have only just scratched the surface. By studying the bizarre and wonderful ways that quantum mechanics works, we open new perspectives not only for developing novel high-tech materials, but also for quantum information processing and computation.”

Greiner and Simon’s co-authors are Waseem Bakr, Ruichao Ma, Eric Tai, and Philipp Preiss, all in the University’s Physics Department. Their work was supported by the Army Research Office through the DARPA OLE program, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research MURI program, and by grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Meditation Changes Temperature

Chi Energy can control the physical body

Buddhist monk meditating

A Buddhist monk has his vital signs measured as he prepares to enter an advanced state of meditation in Normandy, France. During meditation, the monk’s body produces enough heat to dry cold, wet sheets put over his shoulders in a frigid room (Photo courtesy of Herbert Benson).

HARVARD GAZETTE ARCHIVES

Meditation changes temperatures:

Mind controls body in extreme experiments

By William J. Cromie

Gazette Staff

In a monastery in northern India, thinly clad Tibetan monks sat quietly in a room where the temperature was a chilly 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Using a yoga technique known as g Tum-mo, they entered a state of deep meditation. Other monks soaked 3-by-6-foot sheets in cold water (49 degrees) and placed them over the meditators’ shoulders. For untrained people, such frigid wrappings would produce uncontrolled shivering.

If body temperatures continue to drop under these conditions, death can result. But it was not long before steam began rising from the sheets. As a result of body heat produced by the monks during meditation, the sheets dried in about an hour.

Attendants removed the sheets, then covered the meditators with a second chilled, wet wrapping. Each monk was required to dry three sheets over a period of several hours.

Why would anyone do this? Herbert Benson, who has been studying g Tum-mo for 20 years, answers that “Buddhists feel the reality we live in is not the ultimate one. There’s another reality we can tap into that’s unaffected by our emotions, by our everyday world. Buddhists believe this state of mind can be achieved by doing good for others and by meditation. The heat they generate during the process is just a by-product of g Tum-mo meditation.”

Benson is an associate professor of medicine at the Harvard Medical School and president of the Mind/Body Medical Institute at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. He firmly believes that studying advanced forms of meditation “can uncover capacities that will help us to better treat stress-related illnesses.”

Benson developed the “relaxation response,” which he describes as “a physiological state opposite to stress.” It is characterized by decreases in metabolism, breathing rate, heart rate, and blood pressure. He and others have amassed evidence that it can help those suffering from illnesses caused or exacerbated by stress. Benson and colleagues use it to treat anxiety, mild and moderate depression, high blood pressure, heartbeat irregularities, excessive anger, insomnia, and even infertility. His team also uses this type of simple meditation to calm those who have been traumatized by the deaths of others, or by diagnoses of cancer or other painful, life-threatening illnesses.

“More than 60 percent of visits to physicians in the United States are due to stress-related problems, most of which are poorly treated by drugs, surgery, or other medical procedures,” Benson maintains.

The Mind/Body Medical Institute is now training people to use the relaxation response to help people working at Ground Zero in New York City, where two airplanes toppled the World Trade Center Towers last Sept. 11. Facilities have been set up at nearby St. Paul’s Chapel to aid people still working on clearing wreckage and bodies. Anyone else who feels stressed by those terrible events can also obtain help at the chapel. “We are training the trainers who work there,” Benson says.

The relaxation response involves repeating a word, sound, phrase, or short prayer while disregarding intrusive thoughts. “If such an easy-to-master practice can bring about the remarkable changes we observe,” Benson notes. “I want to investigate what advanced forms of meditation can do to help the mind control physical processes once thought to be uncontrollable.”

Breathtaking results

Some Westerners practice g Tum-mo, but it often takes years to reach states like those achieved by Buddhist monks. In trying to find groups he could study, Benson met Westerners who claimed to have mastered such advanced techniques, but who were, in his words, “fraudulent.”

Benson decided that he needed to locate a religious setting, where advanced mediation is traditionally practiced. His opportunity came in 1979 when the Dalai Lama, spiritual leader of Tibet, visited Harvard University. “His Holiness agreed to help me,” recalls Benson. That visit was the beginning of a long friendship and several expeditions to northern India where many Tibetan monks live in exile.

During visits to remote monasteries in the 1980s, Benson and his team studied monks living in the Himalayan Mountains who could, by g Tum-mo meditation, raise the temperatures of their fingers and toes by as much as 17 degrees. It has yet to be determined how the monks are able to generate such heat.

The researchers also made measurements on practitioners of other forms of advanced meditation in Sikkim, India. They were astonished to find that these monks could lower their metabolism by 64 percent. “It was an astounding, breathtaking [no pun intended] result,” Benson exclaims.

To put that decrease in perspective, metabolism, or oxygen consumption, drops only 10-15 percent in sleep and about 17 percent during simple meditation. Benson believes that such a capability could be useful for space travel. Travelers might use meditation to ease stress and oxygen consumption on long flights to other planets.

In 1985, the meditation team made a video of monks drying cold, wet sheets with body heat. They also documented monks spending a winter night on a rocky ledge 15,000 feet high in the Himalayas. The sleep-out took place in February on the night of the winter full moon when temperatures reached zero degrees F. Wearing only woolen or cotton shawls, the monks promptly fell asleep on the rocky ledge, They did not huddle together and the video shows no evidence of shivering. They slept until dawn then walked back to their monastery.

Overcoming obstacles

Working in isolated monasteries in the foothills of the Himalayas proved extremely difficult. Some religious leaders keep their meditative procedures a closely guarded secret. Medical measuring devices require electrical power and wall outlets are not always available. In addition, trying to meditate while strangers attempt to measure your rectal temperature is not something most monks are happy to do.

To avoid these problems, Instructor in Psychology Sara Lazar, a Benson colleague, used functional magnetic resonance imaging to scan the brains of meditators at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. The subjects were males, aged 22-45, who had practiced a form of advanced mediation called Kundalini daily for at least four years. In these experiments, the obstacles of cold and isolation were replaced by the difficulties of trying to meditate in a cramped, noisy machine. However, the results, published in the May 15, 2000, issue of the journal NeuroReport, turned out to be significant.

Herbert Benson
Herbert Benson, who developed a simple relaxation technique to reduce stress, enjoys a quiet moment at a placid stream near his office in Boston. He directs a study of advanced meditation to uncover capabilities that may help treat stress-related illnesses. (Staff photo by Kris Snibbe)

“Lazar found a marked decrease in blood flow to the entire brain,” Benson explains. “At the same time, certain areas of the brain became more active, specifically those that control attention and autonomic functions like blood pressure and metabolism. In short, she showed the value of using this method to record changes in the brain’s activity during meditation.”

The biggest obstruction in further studies, whether in India or Boston, has always been money. Research proceeded slowly and intermittently until February 2001, when Benson’s team received a $1.25 million grant from Loel Guinness, via the beer magnate’s Kalpa Foundation, established to study extraordinary human capacities.

The funds enabled researchers to bring three monks experienced in g Tum-mo to a Guinness estate in Normandy, France, last July. The monks then practiced for 100 days to reach their full meditative capacity. An eye infection sidelined one of the monks, but the other two proved able to dry frigid, wet sheets while wearing sensors that recorded changes in heat production and metabolism.

Although the team obtained valuable data, Benson concludes that “the room was not cold enough to do the tests properly.” His team will try again this coming winter with six monks. They will start practice in late summer and should be ready during the coldest part of winter.

Benson feels sure these attempts to understand advanced mediation will lead to better treatments for stress-related illnesses. “My hope,” he says, “is that self-care will stand equal with medical drugs, surgery, and other therapies that are now used to alleviate mental and physical suffering. Along with nutrition and exercise, mind/body approaches can be part of self-care practices that could save millions of dollars annually in medical costs.”

Meditation… Here the heart/May give a useful lesson to the head.Cowper



Chi Energy and Adrenal Fatigue

Chi Energy Training Controls Adrenal Fatigue The Silent Killer

Did you know your body’s endocrine system is the “Airport Control Tower” to balance your immune system?  When external and internal stressors become too much for the body, it goes into fight and flight, creating an inflammatory response that could possibly last 24×7. This inflammation is due to the mind sending signals that tell the body to react to a situation “real or imagined”.   It then releases powerful hormones that start the process of burning fuel and all internal systems are on alert.

In fact most people are so “insensitive”, to their own minds and bodies, that they feel this intense level of stress is normal.    You become numb to the intensity. Unmanaged stress can become chronic “adrenal fatigue”.  This can produce stages of illness and disease that are inevitable in the outcome.

It could possibly develop into cancers, tumors and autoimmune diseases. Your endocrine system is a powerful neurological transmitter of “hormones” that control the body’s immune system.  That’s why is so critical to your mind and body to reduce stress and enjoy a balanced endocrine system.

Adrenal Fatigue – The Silent Killer

Did you know your body’s endocrine system is the “Airport Control Tower” to balance your immune system?  When external and internal stressors become too much for the body, it goes into fight and flight, creating an inflammatory response that could possibly last 24×7. This inflammation is due to the mind sending signals that tell the body to react to a situation “real or imagined”.   It then releases powerful hormones that start the process of burning fuel and all internal systems are on alert.

In fact most people are so “insensitive”, to their own minds and bodies, that they feel this intense level of stress is normal.    You become numb to the intensity. Unmanaged stress can become chronic “adrenal fatigue”.  This can produce stages of illness and disease that are inevitable in the outcome.

It could possibly develop into cancers, tumors and autoimmune diseases. Your endocrine system is a powerful neurological transmitter of “hormones” that control the body’s immune system.  That’s why is so critical to your mind and body to reduce stress and enjoy a balanced endocrine system.