Copyright © 2002 Elizabeth Bauer
The term “bio” in biophotons was introduced to point out the classification of photons being emitted from a biological source. This phenomenon was characterized by measuring single photons. This indicated that the biophoton is subject to quantum optics rather than classical physics. Biophotons are photons emitted spontaneously by all living systems. Biophotons are characterized by delayed luminescence and are associated with biological systems hence the name biophotons as distinct from photons which are normally associated with inanimate physical systems.
The biophoton phenomenon is not confined to “thermal” radiation in the infrared range. It is well known that biophotons are emitted also in the range from visible up to the UV ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum. The intensity of biophotons can be registered from a few photons per second in a square centimeter surface area to several hundred photons per second in a square centimeter from every living system.
“The high degree of coherence of biophotons elucidates the universal phenomenon of biological systems — coherence of biophotons is responsible for the information transfer within and between cells. This answers the crucial question of intra and extracellular biocommunication, including the regulation of metabolic activities of cells, growth, differentiation and evolutionary development.”
— F.A. Popp, 1999
Biological systems are governed by the interactions of energy fields that are electromagnetic by nature. These energy fields are emitted by the biophotons derived from the biological matter. The energy fields dirigate the location and activity of matter, while matter provides the boundary for the energy fields. Thus, we define the correlations between energy and matter.
“An ordinary cell has a diameter of approximately 10 -3 cm. Inside the cell there is a rather high metabolic activity of about 10 5 reactions per second. For every reaction the suitable activation energy (in the range from microwaves to the ultraviolet) is necessary to establish the formation of the transitional state complex that finally decays into chemical products. Biochemical reactions take place in a way that a photon is borrowed from the surrounding electromagnetic bath, then, it excites the transition state complex and finally returns to the equilibrium states of the surroundings, becoming available for the next reaction. The single photon may suffice to trigger about 10 9 reactions per second. The reaction is directed in a way that it delivers the right activation energy as well as the right momentum at the right time to the right place. Thus, a surprisingly low photon intensity may suffice to trigger all of the chemical reactions in a cell. Despite the low intensities, at any given instant at least 10 10 to 10 40 more photons are available than under thermal equilibrium conditions.
A temperature increase of 10° doubles the photon density of a thermal field under physiological conditions resulting in a doubling of the reaction rate.”
— F.A. Popp, 1999
Biophotons also have a characteristic frequency that defines their resonance patterns and energy distribution. The study of these frequencies and resonance patterns is vital in the understanding the omni farious electromagnetic spectrum and how its energies can be harnessed and effectively utilized therapeutically, in biological systems.